# kirchoff’s current and voltage laws

## kirchoff’s current and voltage laws

what is kirchhoff law? How does kirchhoff’s law sound? Kirchhoff’s law is closely related to current and voltage. Therefore if my friend want to make a series of electronics then my friend needs to know Kirchhoff’s law. In this article the admin will share about what kirchhoff laws mean and Kirchhoff’s legal sounds

Previously my friend needs to know that kirchhoff law consists of 2 types namely kirchhoff law 1 and kirchhoff law 2. Kirchhoff’s first law was spelled out in 1845 by Gustav Kirchhoff

## How the two kirchhoff laws sound

there is two types of kirchoff’s laws

### kirchoff’s current laws (KCL)

The law of kirchhoff 1 or called is often referred to as the branching law

The law of kirchhoff 1 relates the direction of current as well as the current in a branch. The sound of kirchhoff 1 law is as follows

“The total current entering through a branching point in an electrical circuit is equal to the total current coming out of that branching point.”

to more easily understand the law kirchhoff 1 buddy can pay attention to the following picture

In the picture above the currents I1, I2, and I3 are the input currents while the currents I4, I5, and I6 are the output currents

Based on kirchhoff current law it can be concluded that

I1 + I2 + I3 = I4 + I5 + I6

So whatever the sum of the currents I1, I2, and I3 will be equal to the sum of I4, I5, and I6

### kirchoff’s voltage laws (KVL)

Kirchhoff 2’s law is often called the Kirchhoff Voltage Law or Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law (KVL)

The law of kirchhoff 2 is used in closed circuits while the sound of kirchhoff 2 law is as follows

“Total Voltage (potential difference) in a closed circuit is zero”

For easier understanding of Kirchhoff voltage law please pay attention to the following picture

According to the law of kirchhoff 2 the sum of the voltage of Vab + Vbc + Vcd + Vda is equal to zero

Vab + Vbc + Vcd + Vda = 0

Regardless of the magnitude of the voltage in the circuit above then the total result of all voltages is equal to zero